The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) yesterday April 3rd, has confirmed that cholera has killed at least 32 people in six states across the country. According to the NCDC as at March 5th, there were a total of 32 death caused by cholera, with the highest number of cases reported in Cross river state. The states where death was recorded include; Cross River, with 16 death cases which accounted for 50% of total deaths, Ebonyi,(6), Abia, (6) Niger, (2) , Zamfara,(1)and Bayelsa,(1)
The NCDC also stated that 12 states have recorded Cholera cases in the first quarter of 2023 includes; Abia, Bayelsa, Benue, Cross River, Ebonyi, Kano, Katsina, Niger, Ondo, Osun, Sokoto, and Zamfara.
The report also mentioned 447 suspected cholera cases were recorded in weeks 5 to 9 in Cross River (397), Zamfara (25), Ebonyi (11), Abia (9), Bayelsa (3) and Kano (2).
Meanwhile, the agency reported that as of March 5, a total number of 922 suspected cases has been recorded for the year 2023.
The NCDC’s epidemiological report showed that of all the cases recorded since the beginning of 2023, Cross River state accounted for 70 percent of the cumulative cases across the country, with 647 cases.
The NCDC report stated that of all cases recorded so far, 54 percent were males and 46 percent were females. The age group affected the most is 45 years and above according to the NCDC report.
The NCDC said: “National multi-sectoral Cholera Technical Working Group (TWG) continues to monitor response across states.
Cholera which is a bacterial disease that causes severe diarrhea and dehydration can lead to death within hours if left untreated. It spreads through contaminated food and water, and it is often seen during the rainy season when flooding can contaminate water sources.
The NCDC has advised the public to take necessary precautions such as washing hands regularly with soap and clean water, boiling drinking water before consumption, and ensuring proper sanitation in their immediate environment.
The need for the provision of safe and clean water, improved sanitation, hygiene practices, and increased public awareness campaigns to prevent the spread of cholera cannot be overemphasized.
The public has been advised to report any suspected cases of cholera to the nearest health facility and to cooperate with health officials in their efforts to control the outbreak. The agency has also urged Nigerians to prioritize personal and environmental hygiene and to ensure that their surroundings are clean and free of stagnant water, which can serve as breeding grounds for the disease.
In conclusion, cholera in Nigeria is a cause for concern, and it is crucial that all stakeholders work together to prevent the further spread of the disease. The NCDC’s efforts to contain the outbreak are commendable, and it is important for individuals and communities to play their part in preventing the spread of the disease by adopting and practicing good hygiene practices.