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Adderall is a drug used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); it contains two active ingredients, amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Adderall belongs to a class of drugs known as stimulants, and it works by stimulating the nervous system to reduce impulsive behaviours and improve attention and focus. It is also used to treat narcolepsy; it helps to increase daytime wakefulness in people with this condition. 


Adderall is available in capsules, tablet forms, and various strengths, from 5 mg to 30 mg. The dosage will be prescribed based on your condition, age, type of Adderall you take, and other medical conditions you have. 

The dosage for adults treating ADHD is 5 mg once or twice daily; it may be increased by 5 mg every week depending on its effectiveness. This dosage is the same for children between the ages of 6 and 17 years, but for those aged 3 to 5, the dosage is 2.5 mg once or twice daily; it may also be increased by 2.5 mg weekly, depending on its effectiveness.

For people aged 12 and above treating narcolepsy, the dosage is 10 mg daily; it is increased by 10 mg weekly until it has the desired results. However, for children aged 6 to 11 years, the dosage is 5 mg daily and may be increased by 5 mg weekly.

Side Effects of Adderall

The mild side effects of Adderall include:

  • Dry mouth.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Headache.
  • Nausea/vomiting.
  • Fever.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Nervousness.
  • Dizziness.

Some more severe side effects include changes in sexual ability, uncontrolled movement, obstructed and unusual wounds in toes and fingers, changes in mood/behaviour, shortness of breath, prolonged erections, and teeth grinding. If you notice any of these signs, contact your doctor right away. 


The tablet form of this medication is not recommended for treating ADHD in children below the age of 3, the capsule is not recommended for treating ADHD in children below the age of 6, and either the tablet or the capsule is not recommended for treating necropsy in children below age 6. 

Adderall may increase blood pressure; check your blood pressure regularly when using the medication.

Tell your doctor about your medical history and any current medical conditions, especially for heart-related problems or any mental or psychotic disorder. In addition, this drug can make you dizzy, so do not drive or operate machinery after taking it. 

Children can be more sensitive to the side effects of Adderall, especially weight loss, and when taken by a pregnant woman, the child may be born with low birth weight and withdrawal symptoms. So talk to your doctor if you are pregnant and before giving the drug to a child. Adderall is not recommended for breastfeeding women.

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